Bitcoin is a brand-new kind of capital or currency. It resembles the US Dollar, the Euro or the Peso, except that it is not controlled by any single company or government.
Rather than being manipulated by a single body, bitcoin is a decentralised peer-to-peer currency, meaning that it lives on the computer of everyone that works with it. (The same as the internet itself.) Given that it’s decentralised, no one can corrupt with the marketplace by releasing more bitcoins into circulation and there is no wall-street banker lining one’s pockets by standing in the center of each order.
The perks of bitcoin are that transactions happen almost instantly and don’t require a transaction fee– unless the person starting the transaction decides to pay one. You see, since nobody manipulates the bitcoin network, there are computers around the planet who help confirm each transaction that happens– this process is called “mining.”.
So as to incentivise these “miners” to help authenticate all the transactions, the bitcoin network grants bitcoins to miners occasionally. Presently, 25 bitcoins are rewarded in a form of lottery system about every 10 minutes. The program behind bitcoin deals with this lottery and it’s completely open bitcoin mixer so everyone can see it.
The rate that bitcoins are awarded will halve to 12.5 in 2017 and then cut in half again every 4 years until the final bitcoins are rewarded in 2140. Then, there will be a total of 21 million bitcoins around and that’s it– absolutely no more will ever be created. Based upon the present exchange rate, there are over $1.4 billion bitcoins in the market.
The way bitcoin deals operate is very basic, everyone has a bitcoin wallet that they utilize to send and obtain funds. This wallet is a simple string of letters and numbers, helping make that wallet fully confidential unless the person chooses to link themselves with it. The private essence of bitcoin deals has caused it being used for a variety illicit activities.
While prohibited purchases may happen, there are thousands of establishments, programs and economies all over the planet that recognize bitcoin.